Credit for Builders Less Available, Costs More

2022-08-11T12:16:12-05:00

During the second quarter of 2022, credit became both tighter and more costly on loans for Acquisition, Development & Construction (AD&C) according to NAHB’s Survey on AD&C Financing. The average effective rate (based on rate of return to the lender over the assumed life of the loan taking both the contract interest rate and initial fee into account) increased substantially from the prior quarter on all four categories of loans tracked in the AD&C Survey: from 6.32 percent to 8.19 percent on loans for land acquisition, from 7.85 to 9.55 percent on loans for land development, from 7.38 to 8.48 percent on loans for speculative single-family construction, and from 7.90 to 8.63 percent on loans for pre-sold single-family construction. Changes in the effective rate may be due to changes in either the contract interest rate, or  in the initial points charged on the loans.  In the second quarter, average points were unchanged from the previous quarter at 0.63 percent on loans for speculative single-family construction, and actually down slightly on the other three categories of AD&C loans: from 0.90 to 0.86 percent on loans for land acquisition, from 0.95 to 0.90 percent on loans for land development, and from 0.63 to 0.51 percent on loans for pre-sold single-family construction.  However, these relatively small changes were overshadowed by strong surges in the average contract interest rate changed on the loans:  from 4.36 to 6.19 percent on  loans for land acquisition, from 4.60 to 6.27 percent on loans for land development, from 4.63 to 5.39 percent on loans for speculative single-family construction, and from 4.61 to 5.24 percent on loans for pre-sold single-family construction. The NAHB survey also produces a net easing index  that summarizes the change in credit conditions, similar to the net easing index constructed from the Federal Reserve’s survey of senior loan officers (SLOOS).  The second quarter of 2022 was the second consecutive quarter during which both the NAHB and Fed indices were negative, indicating tightening credit conditions.  Moreover, both indices were substantially more negative in the second quarter than they had been  in the first.  In the second quarter, the NAHB net easing index stood at -21.0 while the Fed index was -48.4—compared to -2.30 and -4.7, respectively, in the first quarter of 2022. The most common ways in which the lenders tightened in the second quarter were by increasing the interest rate on the loans (cited by 68 percent of the builders and developers who reported tighter credit conditions), lowering the allowable Loan-to-Value or Loan-to-Cost ratio (65 percent) and reducing amount they are willing to lend (61 percent). The results of the second quarter AD&C survey are consistent with the general tightening of financial conditions and rising interest rates reported in a previous post.   More detail, including a complete history for every question in the survey, is available on NAHB’s AD&C Financing Survey web page. Related ‹ Housing Affordability Falls to Lowest Level Since Great RecessionTags: ad&c lending, ad&c loans, ADC, construciton loans, construction lending, credit conditions, economics, home building, housing, interest rates, lending

Credit for Builders Less Available, Costs More2022-08-11T12:16:12-05:00

Credit for Builders and Developers Tightens in the First Quarter

2022-05-13T07:21:08-05:00

During the first quarter of 2022, credit became tighter on loans for Acquisition, Development & Construction (AD&C) according to NAHB’s Survey on AD&C Financing.  The NAHB survey produces a net easing index  that summarizes the change in credit conditions, similar to the net easing index constructed from the Federal Reserve’s survey of senior loan officers (SLOOS).  In the first quarter of 2022, both the NAHB and Fed indices were negative, indicating tightening credit conditions.   The NAHB index stood at -2.3 while the Fed index was -4.7, compared to +9.7 and +10.3, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2021.  This is the first time that both measures show tightening credit conditions since mid-2020. The NAHB net easing index uses information from questions that ask builders and developers if availability of credit has gotten better, worse, or stayed the same since the previous quarter.  In the first quarter of 2022, 6 percent of the NAHB builders said availability of credit for land acquisition had gotten better, while 9 percent said it had gotten worse.  For land development, 3 percent said credit conditions improved, while 14 percent of the respondents indicated that it had gotten worse.  Finally, 11 percent of builders reported that the availability of credit for single-family construction had improved, compared to only 4 percent who said it had gotten worse. One way lenders reduced availability of credit in the first quarter of 2022 was by lowering  Loan-to-Value (LTV) and Loan-to-Cost (LTC) ratios.  In the NAHB survey, the average LTV on all four categories of AD&C loans declined between the fourth quarter of 2021 and the first quarter of 2021: from 70.9 to 64.4 percent on loans for land acquisition, from 72.4 to 67.7 percent on loans for land development, from 76.7 to 74.1 percent on loans for speculative single-family construction, and from 77.4 to 76.0 percent on loans for pre-sold single-family construction. Similarly, the average LTC declined from 67.6 to 66.9 percent on loans for land acquisition, from 75.9 to 74.5 percent on loans for land development, from 86.3 to 85.0 percent on loans for speculative single-family construction, and from 90.0 to 86.7 percent on loans for pre-sold single-family construction. As of the first quarter, rising interest rates  recently reported on other types of loans were not yet consistently evident in the NAHB AD&C survey.   The average effective rate (based on  rate of return to the lender over the assumed life of the loan taking both the contract interest rate and initial fee into account) decreased from 6.43 in the fourth quarter of 2021 to 6.32 percent in the first quarter of 2022 on loans for land acquisition, but increased from 7.14 to 7.85 percent on loans for land development. For pre-sold single-family construction, the average effective rate decreased from 7.94 to 7.38 percent and from 8.10 to 7.90 percent on loans for speculative single-family construction. Related ‹ Building Materials Prices Move Higher, Up 19% Year-over-YearTags: ad&c lending, ad&c loans, ADC, construciton loans, construction lending, credit conditions, economics, home building, housing, interest rates, lending, loan-to-cost, loan-to-value, LTC, LTV, single-family

Credit for Builders and Developers Tightens in the First Quarter2022-05-13T07:21:08-05:00

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